The logical operators are generally used with Boolean values and, when they are, they return a
Boolean value. However, both && and || actually return the value of one of their operands, so if
the relevent operand is not a Boolean value, the operator may return a non-Boolean value.

## && Operator

This is the logical AND operator, which returns a Boolean true if both the operands are true.
Logically it follows that if the first operand is false, then the whole expression is false, and this
is how the operator works; It first evaluates the left hand operand, and if this returns false then,
without going any further, it returns false for the whole expression. Otherwise it returns the
value of the second operand: true or false for a Boolean value, or the actual value itself if nonBoolean.

## Examples

##### Code:

`if((a == c) && (b == 5))`

x = "bread" && (c == 3)

##### Explanation:

Assuming 'a' to be 3, 'b' to be 5, and 'c' to be 3, the following examples all return true.

##### Code:

`x = (b > c) && "cheese"`

x = "bread" && "cheese"

##### Explanation:

...while the following return 'cheese':.

## || Operator

This is the logical OR operator and it returns a value of true if one or both of the operands is
true. It works by first evaluating the left-hand operand and, if this is true, disregarding the righthand
one and returning true for the whole expression. If, however, the left-hand operand is
false, then it returns the value of the right-hand operand: true or false if Boolean, or else the
value itself.

## Examples

##### Code:

`if((a == c) || (b == 9))`

x = (a > b) || (c == 3)

##### Explanation:

These above examples both return true.

##### Code:

`x = (a > b) || "cheese" `

##### Explanation:

...while this one returns 'cheese'.

##### Code:

`x = "bread" || (c == 3) `

##### Explanation:

If, however, the first operand is not a Boolean value, the OR operator returns the value of the
first operand whether the second is true or not; in the above example 'bread'.

## ! Operator

## Examples

This is the logical NOT operator which returns false if its single operand can be converted to
true, or if it is a non-Boolean value.

##### Code:

` x = !(a == c)`

x = !"cheese"

##### Code:

`x = !(a > b) `

##### Explanation:

If its operand can be converted to false.